Career Planning

Demystifying Employment: Everything You Need To Know

Demystifying Careers in Startups NUS Centre for Futureready Graduates

Employment is a crucial aspect of modern life. It provides individuals with the means to earn a living, support their families, and contribute to their communities. However, navigating the world of employment can be challenging, especially for those who are just starting out or have limited experience. In this article, we will demystify employment by providing you with everything you need to know to succeed in the workforce.

Understanding the Basics of Employment

What is Employment?

Employment refers to the state of having a paid job with a company, organization, or individual. It involves an agreement between the employer and the employee, where the employer agrees to pay the employee for their work. Employment can be full-time or part-time, permanent or temporary, and can be in various industries and sectors.

Types of Employment

There are several types of employment, each with its own set of advantages and disadvantages:

  • Full-time employment: This is when an employee works a standard number of hours per week, usually around 40 hours, and receives benefits such as health insurance and paid vacation time.
  • Part-time employment: This is when an employee works fewer hours than a full-time employee, usually less than 30 hours per week. Part-time employees may receive some benefits, but they are often not as comprehensive as those offered to full-time employees.
  • Temporary employment: This is when an employee is hired for a specific period, such as a few months or a year, to complete a particular project or fill in for a permanent employee who is on leave. Temporary employees do not receive the same benefits as full-time employees.
  • Freelance employment: This is when an individual works as an independent contractor, providing services to clients on a project-by-project basis. Freelancers do not receive benefits and are responsible for paying their own taxes.

Employment Contracts

Most employment agreements are governed by a contract between the employer and the employee. The contract outlines the terms and conditions of the employment, including the employee’s job duties, salary, and benefits. It is essential to read and understand the contract thoroughly before signing it.

Searching for Employment

Creating a Resume

A resume is a document that highlights an individual’s skills, experience, and education. It is typically the first thing that employers see when considering a candidate for a job. A good resume should be clear, concise, and tailored to the specific job for which the individual is applying.


Networking involves making connections with people who can help an individual find employment, such as friends, family members, and professional contacts. Networking can be done in person or online, and it is a valuable tool for finding job opportunities.

Job Search Engines

Job search engines, such as LinkedIn, Indeed, and Monster, allow individuals to search for job openings using keywords, location, and other criteria. These websites can be a great resource for finding job opportunities.

Interviewing for a Job

Preparing for an Interview

Before an interview, it is essential to research the company and the position for which the individual is applying. They should also prepare answers to common interview questions and dress appropriately for the interview.

The Interview Process

The interview process typically involves several stages, including a phone screen, a first-round interview, and a final interview. During the interview, the individual will be asked questions about their skills, experience, and qualifications.

On the Job

Workplace Culture

Workplace culture refers to the values, beliefs, and behaviors that define an organization. It is important to understand the workplace culture of a company to ensure that the individual fits in with the organization’s values and goals.

Professional Development

Professional development involves developing new skills and knowledge to enhance one’s career. This can be done through on-the-job training, continuing education, and attending conferences and workshops.

Dealing with Challenges

Challenges can arise in any job, from difficult coworkers to tight deadlines. It is important to approach these challenges with a positive attitude and seek help when needed.


Employment can be a complex and challenging topic, but with the right knowledge and tools, anyone can succeed in the workforce. By understanding the basics of employment, searching for jobs, interviewing for positions, and succeeding on the job, individuals can build fulfilling and rewarding careers.


What should I include in my resume?

A good resume should include your contact information, work experience, education, skills, and any relevant certifications or awards.

How can I network effectively?

To network effectively, start by identifying your goals and target audience. Attend networking events and conferences, join professional organizations and groups, and use social media to connect with others in your field.

What should I wear to an interview?

The appropriate attire for an interview will vary depending on the company and the position. It is generally best to dress in professional, conservative attire.

How can I handle difficult coworkers?

If you are having trouble with a coworker, try to address the issue directly and calmly. If the problem persists, seek help from a supervisor or HR representative.

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