Career Planning

How Long Is Vet School? Steps To Becoming A Veterinarian

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How Long Is Vet School? Steps to Becoming a Veterinarian

Have you ever wondered how long it takes to become a veterinarian? If you have a passion for animals and a desire to provide them with medical care, pursuing a career in veterinary medicine may be the perfect choice for you. In this guide, we will walk you through the steps to becoming a veterinarian, including the length of time it takes to complete veterinary school. So, let’s dive in!

Step 1: Complete a Bachelor’s Degree

The first step to becoming a veterinarian is to complete a bachelor’s degree. While there is no specific major required for admission to veterinary school, most students choose to major in a science-related field such as biology, chemistry, or animal science. It typically takes about four years to complete a bachelor’s degree.

Step 2: Gain Experience with Animals

While completing your bachelor’s degree, it’s important to gain experience working with animals. This can be done through volunteering at local animal shelters, interning at veterinary clinics, or working on a farm. Not only will this experience help you confirm your passion for working with animals, but it will also strengthen your veterinary school application.

Step 3: Take the Veterinary College Admission Test (VCAT)

After completing your bachelor’s degree and gaining experience with animals, the next step is to take the Veterinary College Admission Test (VCAT). The VCAT is a standardized test that measures your knowledge and skills in areas such as biology, chemistry, physics, and reading comprehension. A strong score on the VCAT is crucial for admission to veterinary school.

Step 4: Apply to Veterinary School

Once you have completed the VCAT, it’s time to start applying to veterinary schools. The application process typically involves submitting transcripts, letters of recommendation, a personal statement, and your VCAT scores. It’s important to research different veterinary schools and choose the ones that align with your career goals and values.

Step 5: Complete Veterinary School

Veterinary school typically takes four years to complete. The first three years are spent in the classroom, learning about animal anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, and other related subjects. The final year is dedicated to clinical rotations, where students gain hands-on experience working with animals under the supervision of licensed veterinarians.

Step 6: Obtain Licensure

After graduating from veterinary school, you must obtain licensure to practice veterinary medicine. The specific requirements for licensure vary by state, but typically involve passing the North American Veterinary Licensing Examination (NAVLE) and completing a certain number of supervised clinical hours.

Step 7: Consider Specialization

Once you have obtained licensure, you may choose to pursue specialization in a specific area of veterinary medicine. This typically involves completing a residency program and passing a specialty board examination. Specializations can range from small animal surgery to equine medicine to zoo and wildlife medicine.


Becoming a veterinarian is a rewarding and fulfilling career path for those who have a passion for animals. While the journey to becoming a veterinarian may be long and challenging, the opportunity to make a positive impact on the lives of animals makes it all worthwhile. If you are considering a career in veterinary medicine, follow the steps outlined in this guide and embark on your journey to becoming a veterinarian!

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. How long does it take to become a veterinarian?
  2. The length of time it takes to become a veterinarian depends on several factors. It typically takes about four years to complete a bachelor’s degree, four years to complete veterinary school, and additional time to obtain licensure and potentially pursue specialization.

  3. What are the prerequisites for veterinary school?
  4. Prerequisites for veterinary school vary by institution, but typically include coursework in biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics. Some schools may also require experience working with animals.

  5. How competitive is veterinary school?
  6. Veterinary school is highly competitive, with a limited number of spots available each year. It’s important to have a strong academic record, gain experience with animals, and perform well on the VCAT to increase your chances of acceptance.

  7. What is the average salary for veterinarians?
  8. The average salary for veterinarians can vary depending on factors such as location, experience, and specialization. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual wage for veterinarians was $95,460 in May 2020.

  9. What are the job prospects for veterinarians?
  10. The job prospects for veterinarians are expected to be good, with a projected growth rate of 16 percent from 2019 to 2029, much faster than the average for all occupations. This growth is attributed to the increasing demand for veterinary services for pets and livestock.

Sarah Thompson is a career development expert with a passion for helping individuals achieve their professional goals. With over a decade of experience in the field, Sarah specializes in providing practical advice and guidance on job search strategies, cover letters, resumes, and interview techniques. She believes in empowering job seekers with the knowledge and tools necessary to navigate the competitive job market successfully.

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