Writing An Explanation Letter: Templates And Tips

48 Letters Of Explanation Templates (Mortgage, Derogatory Credit...)

Writing an explanation letter can be a daunting task, especially when you need to convey complex information or sensitive topics. Whether you need to explain a mistake, provide clarification, or justify a decision, a well-written explanation letter can help you communicate effectively and maintain good relationships. In this article, we will provide you with templates and valuable tips to help you write an effective explanation letter.

1. Understand the Purpose of the Explanation Letter

Before you start writing your explanation letter, it’s important to clearly understand its purpose. Are you providing clarification? Justifying a decision? Apologizing for a mistake? Identifying the purpose will help you structure your letter and choose the appropriate tone.

2. Follow a Professional Format

When writing an explanation letter, it’s crucial to follow a professional format. Start with a formal salutation and introduction. Clearly state the purpose of the letter and provide a brief overview of the situation. Then, divide the body of the letter into paragraphs, each addressing a specific point or concern. Finally, conclude the letter with a polite closing and your contact information.

2.1 Salutation and Introduction

Begin your letter with a formal salutation, such as “Dear [Recipient’s Name].” In the introduction, briefly state who you are and your position or relationship to the recipient. This sets the context for the letter and establishes your credibility.

2.2 Body Paragraphs

In the body of the letter, address each point or concern in separate paragraphs. Use clear and concise language to explain the situation, provide necessary details, and support your points. Break down complex information into smaller sections to enhance readability.

2.3 Conclusion and Closing

In the conclusion, summarize the main points of your letter and restate your purpose. Express your willingness to provide further information or answer any questions. End the letter with a polite closing, such as “Sincerely,” or “Thank you for your understanding.” Don’t forget to include your contact information, such as your phone number or email address.

3. Use a Professional Tone

When writing an explanation letter, it’s important to maintain a professional tone throughout. Avoid using overly emotional language or sounding defensive. Instead, focus on providing objective information and addressing the concerns of the recipient. Be respectful and courteous in your language, even if the situation is challenging.

4. Provide Clear and Concise Explanations

One of the key aspects of an effective explanation letter is providing clear and concise explanations. Use simple language and avoid technical jargon or complex terminology. Break down the information into smaller, understandable parts and provide examples or illustrations if necessary. Make sure the recipient can easily grasp the main points of your explanation.

5. Address Concerns and Anticipate Questions

When writing an explanation letter, it’s important to address the concerns or questions that the recipient may have. Put yourself in their shoes and anticipate what they might be thinking or asking. Address these concerns directly and provide relevant information to alleviate any doubts or misunderstandings.

6. Apologize if Necessary

If the situation calls for an apology, make sure to include it in your explanation letter. Take responsibility for any mistakes or misunderstandings and express sincere regret. Avoid making excuses or shifting blame. A genuine apology can go a long way in resolving conflicts and restoring trust.

7. Proofread and Edit

Before sending your explanation letter, make sure to proofread and edit it carefully. Check for any grammatical or spelling errors, as well as clarity and coherence. It’s also helpful to read the letter aloud or ask someone else to review it for feedback. A well-written and error-free letter shows professionalism and attention to detail.

8. Use Templates and Examples

If you’re unsure how to structure your explanation letter or need inspiration, you can use templates and examples as a starting point. There are various online resources that provide free templates and sample letters for different situations. Customize these templates to fit your specific needs and ensure they reflect your unique circumstances.

9. Seek Legal Advice if Necessary

In certain situations, seeking legal advice may be necessary before writing an explanation letter. If the issue involves legal implications or contractual agreements, it’s important to consult with a lawyer to ensure you address all relevant legal aspects in your letter. Legal advice can help protect your rights and prevent any unintended consequences.

10. Follow Up and Maintain Communication

After sending your explanation letter, it’s important to follow up and maintain open communication with the recipient. Be proactive in addressing any further questions or concerns they may have. This demonstrates your commitment to resolving the issue and shows that you value their feedback and input.


Writing an effective explanation letter requires careful planning, clear communication, and a professional tone. By understanding the purpose of the letter, following a professional format, and providing clear explanations, you can effectively convey your message and address any concerns. Remember to proofread your letter, use templates and examples if needed, and seek legal advice when necessary. By following these tips, you can write an explanation letter that is concise, informative, and respectful.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: How long should an explanation letter be?

A: The length of an explanation letter can vary depending on the complexity of the situation. However, it’s best to keep the letter concise and to the point. Aim for one to two pages, unless additional details are necessary.

Q: Should I include supporting documents with my explanation letter?

A: If you have supporting documents that can provide additional context or evidence, it’s advisable to include them with your explanation letter. This can help strengthen your arguments and provide a more comprehensive understanding of the situation.

Q: Can I use bullet points in my explanation letter?

A: While bullet points can be useful for organizing information, it’s generally best to use paragraphs in an explanation letter. This allows for a more coherent and structured explanation of the situation. However, if you have a list of key points or supporting details, you can use bullet points within the paragraphs.

Q: Is it necessary to send the explanation letter via certified mail?

A: Sending the explanation letter via certified mail can provide proof of delivery and ensure that the recipient receives the letter. However, it is not always necessary. Consider the importance and sensitivity of the situation before deciding on the method of delivery.

Sarah Thompson is a career development expert with a passion for helping individuals achieve their professional goals. With over a decade of experience in the field, Sarah specializes in providing practical advice and guidance on job search strategies, cover letters, resumes, and interview techniques. She believes in empowering job seekers with the knowledge and tools necessary to navigate the competitive job market successfully.

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