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Asl Interpreter: Pros, Cons & Duties

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Being an American Sign Language (ASL) interpreter is a rewarding and challenging profession that requires a unique set of skills and abilities. ASL interpreters play a vital role in facilitating communication between individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing and those who can hear. In this article, we will explore the pros and cons of being an ASL interpreter, as well as the duties and responsibilities that come with the job.

Pros of Being an ASL Interpreter

1. Making a Difference in People’s Lives

One of the most rewarding aspects of being an ASL interpreter is the opportunity to make a positive impact on the lives of individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing. By facilitating effective communication, interpreters enable deaf individuals to participate fully in a variety of settings, including educational, professional, and social environments.

2. Job Satisfaction

As an ASL interpreter, you have the chance to witness firsthand the positive outcomes that result from your work. Whether you are interpreting in a classroom, a courtroom, a medical facility, or any other setting, the ability to bridge the communication gap between deaf and hearing individuals can be incredibly fulfilling.

3. Flexibility

ASL interpreters often have the flexibility to choose when and where they work. This can be particularly appealing for those who value a flexible schedule or who have other commitments outside of work. Freelance interpreters, in particular, have the freedom to accept assignments that suit their availability and preferences.

4. Continuous Learning Opportunities

Being an ASL interpreter requires ongoing professional development. This means that you will have the opportunity to continue learning and expanding your skills throughout your career. Whether it’s attending workshops, conferences, or pursuing advanced certifications, the field of ASL interpretation offers a wealth of learning opportunities.

Cons of Being an ASL Interpreter

1. Emotional and Mental Fatigue

Interpreting can be mentally and emotionally demanding. The responsibility of accurately conveying spoken and signed messages can be stressful, especially in high-pressure situations or when dealing with sensitive or emotionally charged topics. Over time, this can lead to burnout and emotional fatigue.

2. Challenging Communication Environments

ASL interpreters often work in a variety of settings, some of which may present unique challenges. For example, interpreting in noisy environments or situations with poor lighting can make it difficult to accurately convey messages. Additionally, interpreting complex technical or medical terminology requires a strong command of both ASL and the subject matter at hand.

3. Limited Job Opportunities

While the demand for ASL interpreters is growing, job opportunities can be limited in certain geographic areas or industries. It may be necessary to relocate or travel to find consistent work, especially for interpreters who specialize in specific fields or work with niche populations.

4. Ethical Dilemmas

ASL interpreters are often faced with ethical dilemmas that require them to make difficult decisions. For example, maintaining confidentiality and impartiality while interpreting sensitive information can be challenging. Interpreters must navigate these ethical dilemmas with professionalism and integrity.

Duties and Responsibilities of an ASL Interpreter

1. Accurate Interpretation

The primary duty of an ASL interpreter is to accurately and faithfully interpret spoken language into sign language and vice versa. This requires a strong command of both ASL and English, as well as the ability to convey tone, nuance, and cultural context.

2. Cultural Mediation

ASL interpreters play a crucial role in bridging the gap between deaf and hearing cultures. They must navigate the cultural differences and nuances that exist between these two communities, ensuring effective communication and understanding for all parties involved.

3. Preparation and Research

Prior to interpreting assignments, ASL interpreters must engage in thorough preparation and research. This includes familiarizing themselves with the subject matter, specialized terminology, and any relevant cultural considerations. Being well-prepared ensures accurate interpretation and enhances the overall quality of communication.

4. Continuing Education

ASL interpreters are expected to engage in ongoing professional development to maintain and improve their skills. This may involve attending workshops, conferences, and seminars, as well as pursuing advanced certifications or specialized training.

5. Professional Conduct

ASL interpreters must adhere to a code of professional conduct that emphasizes confidentiality, impartiality, and professionalism. They must maintain strict confidentiality regarding any information obtained while interpreting and must remain neutral and unbiased in their interpretations.

6. Advocacy

ASL interpreters often find themselves in a position to advocate for the rights and needs of deaf individuals. They may need to educate others about the importance of accessibility and inclusion, as well as address any barriers or challenges that may arise in communication.


Becoming an ASL interpreter offers a unique opportunity to make a positive impact on the lives of deaf individuals. While the profession has its challenges, the rewards and fulfillment that come with facilitating effective communication are invaluable. By understanding the pros and cons of being an ASL interpreter, as well as the duties and responsibilities involved, individuals can make an informed decision about pursuing a career in this field.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How long does it take to become an ASL interpreter?

The time it takes to become an ASL interpreter can vary depending on several factors, such as previous experience and education. However, most individuals complete a formal interpreter training program, which typically takes around two to four years to complete.

2. Is certification required to work as an ASL interpreter?

While certification is not always required to work as an ASL interpreter, it is highly recommended and often preferred by employers. Certification demonstrates a higher level of competency and professionalism in the field.

3. What industries or settings can ASL interpreters work in?

ASL interpreters can work in a wide range of industries and settings, including education, healthcare, government, legal, performing arts, and more. They may also specialize in specific fields, such as medical or legal interpreting.

4. How can I find job opportunities as an ASL interpreter?

Job opportunities for ASL interpreters can be found through various channels, including interpreter agencies, educational institutions, government organizations, and online job boards. Networking and building connections within the deaf community can also help in finding job opportunities.

5. What skills are required to be a successful ASL interpreter?

Successful ASL interpreters possess strong language skills in both ASL and English, as well as cultural competency and the ability to adapt to different communication styles. They also have excellent listening and concentration skills, the ability to think quickly and make decisions on the spot, and a high level of professionalism and ethical conduct.

Sarah Thompson is a career development expert with a passion for helping individuals achieve their professional goals. With over a decade of experience in the field, Sarah specializes in providing practical advice and guidance on job search strategies, cover letters, resumes, and interview techniques. She believes in empowering job seekers with the knowledge and tools necessary to navigate the competitive job market successfully.

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